On 11 January 2013, at the request of the interim Malian President, France intervened militarily and regained control of the three northern regions of Mali, held since mid-2012 by armed Islamist groups. With the Islamist threat currently reduced, the stabilisation of Mali depends on organising democratic elections, on national dialogue and reconciliation and on the sustainable development of the country.
Onset of the crisis and state of play
The security crisis in Mali started in 2012 with a Tuareg insurgency in northern Mali, led by the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA), and a military coup in the south overthrowing the President. Armed Islamist groups, such as transnational Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), the Movement for…
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